As part of the Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility grant funded by the European Commission and in line with the Student exchange agreement between the Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki (UHEL, Helsinki, Finland) and the Russian State Hydrometeorological University (RSHU, St. Petersburg, Russia)the BSc student Rostislav Sheynov from the Meteorological Faculty of RSHU has studied during Autumn semester of 2021(from 31 August until 23 December 2021) at the Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR) of UHEL. This exchange/ mobility and autumn semester educational programme included (i) the following courses: Atmospheric radiation; Atmospheric and Earth sciences today; Statistical tools for climate and atmospheric science; Synoptic meteorology; Atmospheric chemistry; and Meteorological observation systems; (ii) consultations and apprenticeship in specific topics like aerosol measurements and trace gases; and (iii) involvement in intra-university events.
During September-October 2021, I have attended 3 courses: Atmospheric radiation; Atmospheric and Earth sciences today; and Statistical tools for climate and atmospheric science.
The course on atmospheric radiation was taught: lectures by Prof. Dmitry Moiseev and practices by assistant Jianpu Bian. This course provided new knowledge about main atmospheric processes affecting the balance of radiation. Practical exercises included many mathematical calculations of various types of quantities: how much cloud occupies the area of the sky of hemisphere in percent, what wavelength will be with this temperature, what radiation flux will be under specific atmospheric conditions, etc.
The course on atmospheric and Earth sciences was taught: lectures by Profs Yan Salmon and Prof. Federico Bianchi, and practices by assistants Otso Peräkylä and Tereza Uhlikova. Practical exercises included analyses of basic information about the Earth: what is the total mass of one compound in the atmosphere, what circulation exists and how it affects on the environment in different conditions, how human influence can change the physical and chemical properties of compounds and the planet, etc. This course included also a 2-day visit and work at the Hyytiälä Forest research station.
The course on statistical tools for climate and atmospheric science was taught: lectures by Prof. Ganapati Sahoo and assistant Toprak Aslan. Practical exercises included analyses employing different statistical methods and using R programming language. From basics in a form of constructing simplest graphs, we smoothly moved on to composing linear equations for predicting different types of meteorological values from correlation with others. Important that such work took place in groups, and this type of joint work is the best experience for future work.
The Autumn2021 School was organized and took place at the Hyytiälä research station, where master’s, postgraduate students and teachers worked together. During 2 weeks Prof. Tuomo Nieminen coordinated a work of student’s international group, where I was a member, together with 6 other students. At the end of the course, a series of scientific discussions, presentations and conclusions took place and led to writing a small scientific article “Effects of warm winter on Boundary layer height, trace gases concentrations and VOCs”.
During November-December 2021, I have attended also 3 other courses: Synoptic meteorology; Atmospheric chemistry; and Meteorological observation systems.
The course on synoptic meteorology was taught: by Prof. Victoria Sinclair and assistant Mari Virman. It was interesting to learn about differences between teaching of synoptic meteorology in Russia and in Finland. It was found that in Russia the lecturers/teachers gave more detailed information and spent a lot of time submitting material (it allows to be better understood material by students). In Finland the lecturers/teachers although spent less time, but at the same time, and it is very important and valuable added value, they always present something new, technically advanced.
The course on atmospheric chemistry course was taught: lectures by Prof. Matti Rissanen and Prof. Theo Kurten and assistant Shawon Barua. During this course various types of gases, schemes of their transformation (nitrification and denitrification, etc.), cycles of chemical transformations (nitrogen and carbon compounds, etc.), influence of pollutants on various spheres of human activity and life were studied.
The course on meteorological observation systems was taught: lectures by Prof. Dmitry Moiseev and Prof. Heikki Järvinen and included lectures about various types of measurement of meteorological quantities (from ground, aircrafts, satellites, etc.), what errors and problems can be in the measurement, what communities exist, what levels of consumers and scientists exist, etc.
Moreover, during studying at UHEL, I have joined the physics community in Finland, attended their meetings and listen their lectures.
I am grateful to many teachers/ lecturers/ researchers and students from the University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research, and the Pan-Eurasian Experiment programme for excellent opportunity to study in the famous Finnish and world’s known University and learn a lot about University educational process. I have learned many new things, found many new friends, acquaintances and colleagues from different parts of the world and I am grateful for that. Especial thanks to the personnel from the UHEL’s and RSHU’s International Exchange Services for support in application procedure.
Rostislav Sheynov, BSc student, Russian State Hydrometeorological University