Academician Markku Kulmala, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research at the University of Helsinki, Finland, has been granted a Mega Grant by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation. Academician Kulmala will be the Leading Scientist of the project called “Megapolis – heat and pollution island: interdisciplinary hydroclimatic, geochemical and ecological analysis”. The new project is motivated by the rapid, large-scale urbanization and industrialization of Russia and particularly in Moscow, which has worsened air quality dramatically during the last decades. The urban pollution cocktail including secondary atmospheric pollutants, ultrafine particles, ozone and many other yet not-known compound are effecting on human health are of the greatest concern in Russia.
The aim of project is to develop novel approach of integrated environmental analyses of megacities and to provide state-of the art data on and forecasts on the land – atmosphere exchanges in urban environment. The project will built on the implementing a roadmap for comprehensive, multidisciplinary, long-term environmental observations in Moscow. Comprehensive observations follow the “Stations Measuring Earth surface and Atmospheric Relations” (SMEAR) measurement concept, which has been developed by the Kulmala team starting from 1995 at the Hyytiälä Forest field station in Finland. A new “Laboratory of Urban Environment and Climate” for studying environment impact on citizens health in megacities will be established. The total amount of the mega grant is 90 million rubles. The Megapolis project will be carried out in 2021-2023 together with the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Georapraphy, the project coordinator institute in Russia.
The Megapolis project and the new “Laboratory of Urban Environment and Climate” will collaborate with the University of Helsinki, Finnish Meteorological Institute and many other European universities. The research infrastructures (RI), such as European RI for Aerosol, Clouds and Trace Gases (ACTRIS), will be used for inclusion of observation network results. RI approach carried out by the INAR at the Hyytiälä SMEAR II flagship station (www.atm.helsinki.fi/SMEAR/index.php/smear-ii) will be a project partner throughout the project implementation. The Megapolis project finds synergy with the ongoing ERC “ATM-GTP” project, Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) program and the Finnish Flagship called “Atmosphere and Climate Competence Centre “ ACCC.
Read the full list of Megagrant winner: https://p220.ru/upload/iblock/ad9/ad9d062c77b2559945f80ecf5c5672e6.pdf
Text PEEX HQ Office